Learning how to spike correctly is essential to becoming an effective offensive volleyball player, one way of improving an athletes spiking technique is through a biomechanical analysis of the skill. In this instance we will be specifically looking at, and breaking down, the key movement phases involved with a successful volleyball spike and examining the key biomechanical principles necessary for an effective shot.
Past studies have shown kinetic and kinematic analysis of various volleyball hits. 3,6 R esearch has shown that spikes exp erience high amounts of to rq ue at the shoulder joint 5 A lso has been reported that shoulder pain can account for 8 to 20 percent of women vol leyball injuries 2 Nevertheless injury prevention should remain a priority for athletes, but improved performance is how teams win more games and players make it to the next level.
Biomechanics is the study of the mechanical laws relating to the movement or structure of living organisms. This blog post will attempt to link Newtons laws to the components of a volleyball spike. Volleyball is a complex game involving a simplistic set of skills. According to VSA 2015 indoor volleyball is one of the most dynamic electrifying and fast paced games at an elite and competitive level.
Early studies of volleyball biomechanics described the gross motor pattern of the spike. 2,8,21,29 In addition, a few studies focused on upper extremity kinematics during the spike—correlating shoulder and elbow motion with ball velocity, 8 hand velocity, 7 and jump height. 31,33 Two studies also determined the muscle activation patterns involved in spiking and serving. 22,27
The Biomechanics of the Volleyball Spike / Attack. Sport Biomechanics Mark Mann 12/11/08 The Biomechanics of the Volleyball Spike / Attack The following biomechanics project was designed to be a review of literature related to the most important skill in volleyball, the overhead spike, or attack. The literature has been reviewed and select articles dealing with the various components of the overhead spike are presented as exemplary and representative of the kids of biomechanical analyses ...
It directly links to the internal and external forces acting on the human body, and what is then produced through these forces (Brian Mac Sports Coach, 2015). The understanding of biomechanics can gain greater knowledge of specific actions, movements and the application of physics in sport. Physical principles such as motion, resistance, momentum and friction play a part in most sports, and they play a vital role in the game of volleyball.
Biomechanics of a Volleyball Spike Biomechanics of a Volleyball Spike Introduction One of the most exciting moves in volleyball to watch and to execute is the spike. The tall players with a high vertical jump ability execute the spike the best. To make this maneuver most difficult to return, the projectile (volleyball) is launched from an angle below the horizontal at high speeds.
It has become evident through research that each of the 4 phases analysed all obtain numerous biomechanical principles that all intern create a successful volleyball spike. During the preparation phase momentum, kinetic energy and Newton’s Third Law all work together to propel the athlete forward during the run and then upwards approaching the vertical jump.
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